Emergence of OA sources and IRs in Indian Libraries: A view from Dr Nabi Hasan, Aligarh Muslim University, Delhi, India
Cambridge University Press is delighted to announce that it has recently set up its South Asian Librarian Advisory Board [SALAB]. The new board, whose fourteen members are senior librarians from universities across the whole of India, enjoyed a very successful meeting in New Delhi at the end of October.
Two of the board members were invited to give presentations at the meeting. You can read details of the first presentation on Innovation in Library and Information Services by Dr Rama Patnaik here. The second presentation was by Dr Nabi Hasan, University Librarian at Aligarh Muslim University, who spoke on the Emergence of OA sources and IRs in Indian Libraries.
Open Access has grown in importance in India. Several Indian universities now operate Open Access mandates (Dr Hasan provided links to fourteen of them). He said that the rapid rise in popularity of OA in India had been motivated by rapid price escalations in scholarly journal subscription rates and also fueled by the need to address constraints relating to copyright law, licensing agreements, and other forms of digital rights managements that were impeding electronic access to scholarly material. Even well-funded research libraries in India are finding it difficult to maintain their journal collections via the subscription business model.
Indian librarians have been actively involved in supporting OA by:
- Educating faculty and administrators by organising training programs, seminars or lectures on OA
- Building digital repositories to support self-archiving
- Supporting individual OA journals
- Providing consultation services on issues of scholarly communication and copyright
- Obtaining funding for selected journals and programs that provide discounts on author processing charges (APCs) for their researchers
- Providing links to open access journals and open access repositories on the Library / University website.
Some Indian libraries are also digital publishers of OA work; and some also digitise OA versions of out-of-copyright works.