Frontiers of plasma-enabled materials processing and devices

Plasma-based synthesis and processing is an important technique for fabricating and functionalizing novel and technologically-useful materials at different length scales. Plasmas enable reactions and interactions that are otherwise impossible to achieve with conventional methods (e.g.…


MINDY, a grazing ruminant in silico

The article Diurnal patterns of urination and drinking by grazing ruminants: a development in a mechanistic model of a grazing ruminant, MINDY is available Open Access in the Journal of Agricultural Science Estimates of herbage and water intake with parallel measurements of ingestive, digestive and metabolic behaviours of grazing ruminants pose considerable experimental and technical difficulties.…


Watch: How does stone skipping work?

By bouncing elastic spheres across the surface of Bear Lake in Utah, researchers have discovered the physics behind stone skipping. The mechanism of ‘water walking’ occurs when a deformed sphere rotates continuously across the surface of the water giving the appearance that the sphere is literally walking on water.…


Watch: Air pollution risk of cooking oil droplets

Cooking oil in a frying pan can be dangerous when the ‘explosive’ droplets touch your skin, but new research shows that they also increase the risk of indoor air pollution if not properly ventilated.…


Deep sponges from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz

One of the most extensive seepage areas of the North-East Atlantic was discovered in the bathyal bottoms of the Gulf of Cadiz during the nineteen nineties.…


Crop wild relatives – a vital resource for the future of food security

Crop wild relatives are wild plant species that are relatively closely related to cultivated crops and include the ancestors of cultivated crops. Crop wild relatives are a critical source of adaptive traits / genes, including resistance to diseases, pests and stresses such as drought and extreme temperatures that can be used in plant breeding, with the potential to enhance sustainable food security in the face of challenges such as climate change and population growth.


How plesiosaurs ruled the ocean using their flippers

Plesiosaurs ruled the oceans during the time of the dinosaurs with specially adapted flippers that enabled them to swim faster and with greater efficiency than any other animal.…


New editor Q&A: Rhonda Righter of UC Berkeley

Rhonda Righter is joining the editorial board of the journal Probability in the Engineering and Informational Sciences. She brings with her a wealth of knowledge in the area of stochastic modelling and optimization; read her full biography here.…


The crustacean cuticle: a flexible biomaterial with exceptional properties

Crustaceans inhabit the earth from precambrian times with an explosion in abundance during the Cambrian period. They are mostly marine and freshwater animals but a small group of terrestrial isopod crustaceans lives permanently on land and help in soil production.…


Recombinant inbred lines derived from cultivars of pea for understanding the genetic basis of variation in breeders’ traits

While there is a growing interest in the use of pea seeds and their constituents as food ingredients, delivering both novelty and health benefits, challenges remain for breeders in stabilising crop yields and in selecting efficiently for those seed traits that are linked to premium farmgate prices.


Journal of Materials Research looks to the future of materials science research

The Journal of Materials Research just celebrated a third of a century of publication, presenting the best of materials research since 1986. Since the beginning of the journal, the materials field has seen major developments, including the discovery of graphene, high Tc superconductors, nanoscience, high entropy alloys, and much more. Perusal of the most cited papers demonstrates that JMR authors have contributed to major materials revolutions, including nanoindentation, sol gel science, diamond synthesis, polymer particle nanocomposites, biomaterials, and advanced characterization tools.


JPP board member elected to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences

“I feel deeply honoured and I am looking forward to contributing to the important task of the Academy – to promote science and strengthen its role and influence in our society. It will also be interesting to exchange experiences and ideas with the other members,” Professor Tünde Fülöp, of the Division of Subatomic and Plasma Physics at Chalmers University of Technology, and editorial board member of the Journal of Plasma Physics