Football focus: A study into preparedness of the health sector in Brazil for the 2014 FIFA World Cup
This post is taken from the abstract of the paper “Hospital Preparedness in Advance of the 2014 FIFA World Cup in Brazil” published in Prehospital and Disaster Medicine.
Regardless of the capacity of the health care system of the host nation, mass gatherings require special planning and preparedness efforts within the health system. Brazil will host the 2014 Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) World Cup and the 2016 Olympics. This paper represents the ﬁrst results from Project ‘‘Prepara Brasil,’’ which is investigating the preparedness of the health sector and pharmaceutical services for these events.
This study was designed to identify the efforts taken to prepare the health sector in Brazil for the FIFA World Cup 2014 event, as well as the 2016 Summer Olympics.
Key informant interviews were conducted with representatives of both the municipality and hospital sectors in each of the 12 host cities where matches will be played. A semi-structured key informant interview guide was developed, with sections for each type of participant. One of each municipality’s reference hospitals was identiﬁed and seven additional general hospitals were randomly selected from all of the inpatient facilities in each municipality. The interviewers were instructed to contact a reference hospital, and two of the other hospitals, in the jurisdiction for participation in the study.
Questions were asked about plans for mass-gathering events, the interaction between hospitals and government ofﬁcials in preparation for the World Cup, and their perceptions of their surge capacity to meet the potential demands generated by the presence of the World Cup events in their municipalities.
In all, 11 representatives of the sampled reference hospitals, and 24 representatives of other general private and public hospitals in the municipalities, were interviewed.
Most of the hospitals had some interaction with government ofﬁcials in preparation for the World Cup 2014. Approximately one-third (34%) received training activities from the government. Fifty-four percent (54%) of hospitals had no speciﬁc plans for communicating with the government or other agencies during the World Cup. Approximately half (51%) had plans for surge capacity during the event, but only 27% had any surge capacity for isolation of potentially infectious patients.
Overall, although there has been mention of a great deal of planning on the part of the government ofﬁcials for the World Cup 2014, hospital surge to meet the potential increase in demand still falls short.