Porous Carbon and Carbonaceous Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage
Growing awareness of increasing global population and energy demand, diminishing supplies of fossil fuels, proliferating environmental pollution, and climate change has driven rapid developments in materials research in energy conversion and storage. This area of study offers new solutions to these daunting challenges, from ensuring a steady energy stream produced by sustainable energy (e.g., solar, tidal and wind energy) to capturing and converting green-house gases to value-added products.
Carbon and carbonaceous materials play a central role in energy storage and conversion, due mainly to their structural diversity, natural abundance, high electrical conductivity, tunable physical and chemical properties, and economic viability. They have been widely adopted as active materials on their own (such as free-standing electrodes for supercapacitors and batteries) and as supporting scaffolds for functional particulates (e.g., carbon-metal oxide composite catalysts).
Creating pores in carbon and carbonaceous materials significantly improves their corresponding performance in different applications. The recent emergence of diverse arrays of carbon-based materials with hierarchically porous structures have stimulated a plethora of in-depth experimental work along with fundamental studies elucidating the ion motion dynamics confined in pores.
The versatility of these materials in energy conversion and storage is represented by the wide scope of topics published in this Journal of Materials Research Focus Issue. You can find some of this exciting content highlighted in a video interview with guest editor Tianyu Liu and authors Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan and Zhijie Wang, found below.
The Journal of Materials Research Focus Issue on Porous Carbon and Carbonaceous Materials for Energy Conversion and Storage, published jointly by the Materials Research Society and Cambridge University Press, is freely available until September 7, 2018.