MINDY, a grazing ruminant in silico

The article Diurnal patterns of urination and drinking by grazing ruminants: a development in a mechanistic model of a grazing ruminant, MINDY is available Open Access in the Journal of Agricultural Science Estimates of herbage and water intake with parallel measurements of ingestive, digestive and metabolic behaviours of grazing ruminants pose considerable experimental and technical difficulties.…


Deep sponges from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz

One of the most extensive seepage areas of the North-East Atlantic was discovered in the bathyal bottoms of the Gulf of Cadiz during the nineteen nineties.…


Crop wild relatives – a vital resource for the future of food security

Crop wild relatives are wild plant species that are relatively closely related to cultivated crops and include the ancestors of cultivated crops. Crop wild relatives are a critical source of adaptive traits / genes, including resistance to diseases, pests and stresses such as drought and extreme temperatures that can be used in plant breeding, with the potential to enhance sustainable food security in the face of challenges such as climate change and population growth.


The crustacean cuticle: a flexible biomaterial with exceptional properties

Crustaceans inhabit the earth from precambrian times with an explosion in abundance during the Cambrian period. They are mostly marine and freshwater animals but a small group of terrestrial isopod crustaceans lives permanently on land and help in soil production.…


Recombinant inbred lines derived from cultivars of pea for understanding the genetic basis of variation in breeders’ traits

While there is a growing interest in the use of pea seeds and their constituents as food ingredients, delivering both novelty and health benefits, challenges remain for breeders in stabilising crop yields and in selecting efficiently for those seed traits that are linked to premium farmgate prices.


Predicting eating quality of beef: the myth is becoming a reality

Consumers want beef that is safe, nutritious and of predictable eating quality. Beef traits should match these expectations. Two recently published papers reviewed research into predicting beef quality.…


Salivary biomarkers of sexual development for hormone-free pig reproduction

The animal article of the month for April is ‘Salivary and urinary metabolome analysis for pre-puberty-related biomarkers identification in porcine’ In pig farms, creation of batches of sows has developed extensively due to advantages for the management of reproductive females and offspring.…


Caution required! Researchers document effect of dicamba and glyphosate on potato crops

Cultivars of soybean and cotton that are tolerant of dicamba and glyphosate have been a big hit with growers, allowing them to treat broadleaf weeds throughout the growing season – without damaging their crops.…


Report reveals area considered for protection is a UK baby dolphin ‘hotspot’

A new scientific paper calling for more protection for a population of Risso’s dolphins living in a ‘hotspot’ around Lewis in Scotland has been published ahead of the Scottish government public consultation on this and three other proposed protected sea area sites.…


The role of faeces in understanding animal health and immunology

The latest Paper of the Month from Parasitology is ‘The latest FAD – Faecal antibody detection in cattle. Protocol and results from three UK beef farms naturally infected with gastrointestinal nematodes‘ by Dr.…


Are automated weed alerts in your future?

What if you had a simple, web-based app that could analyze weather data and issue an alert when pesky weeds are most likely to emerge and compete with your cash crop? That’s what University of Florida researchers hope to provide to growers who are battling black medic, a low-growing weed that competes with strawberry crops and slows down harvesting.


New wallaby-sized dinosaur from the ancient Australian-Antarctic rift valley

Upper jaws of a new dinosaur from Victoria, Australia, give fresh insight into the diversity of small herbivorous dinosaurs that once inhabited the ancient Australian-Antarctic rift valley 125 million years ago A new, wallaby-sized herbivorous dinosaur has been identified from five fossilized upper jaws in 125 million year old rocks from the Cretaceous period of Victoria, southeastern Australia.…